Kitchens of Early Settlers - circa 1920s
Assiniboia and District Historical Museum
Chapter Eleven- Miscellaneous Kitchen Items
2Listed below are assorted items that would not necessarily be found in all homes. Some of these could have been hand-me-downs, brought by immigrant grand parents from their homeland, gifts, or purchased.
4They came in various models and has not changed to present time.
6Bottle capper - "lever ratchet, adjustable for pints or quarts. Price 85 cents" The caps cost 35 cents a gross.
8Bread maker - can found in the 1927 T. Eaton Co. Ltd. "The universal bread mixer - kneads thoroughly and evenly in one third of the time. Four-loaf size $3.35".
10Canning machine - for canning food in metal cans.
12Can opener - was invented, depending on the source, 40 to 60 years after the birth of the canned food came on to the scene. The first can opener invented by Ezra Warner and it was only owned by the general store! Then it became available for all. Cost from 10 cents and up. Cans were opened general with a jack knife. Canned food was invented in 1813 for the British Navy. The brand name for the top item - 'Peerless Can Opener' priced at 10 cents.
14Can opener - a cumbersome tool - it punctured the top and by hand rotation one eventually had the top off.
16Carding machine - raw wool carded with a hand cranked machine. In earlier times this wool would be made into knitting yarn on a spinning wheel. The carded wool could also be used in quilts, lining for winter jackets, etc.
18Carding paddles - in some cases the raw wool might have been sheared from the farm's own sheep, carded by hand.
20Cherry pitter - facilitated the removal of the pits/stones of the fruit.
22Coffee mill - came in counter top or wall mounted types. This one has a drawer where the ground coffee fell. Coffee beans were a staple at general store. This model cost $1.45.
24Crumb tray with brush used to remove crumbs from the tablecloth, priced at 90 cents.
26Dishes - a set of matching dishes was ideal but not always financially attainable.
28Egg beater - with container for small quantities of butter or other food. Cost $2.25.
30Egg beaters - smaller container than above with knob to rotate wire beaters on a spiral rod.
32Egg beaters - a very useful tool for that very purpose, whipping cream, or making apple snow, etc. The cost started at 40 cents. The front egg beater - worked by running the knob along the spiral centre rod.
34Egg Scale- perhaps necessary if one dealt with selling of a good number of eggs.
36Fly eradication - any number of ways: sticky fly strip hung from ceiling; homemade fly swatter; commercial chemical soaked pads effective when moistened with water and place on a saucer on a window sill.
38Food tongs - useful for handling hot food.
40Food warmer - this one had its own reservoir to place fuel operated much like gas lamps. It was to heat small amount of food, liquids and very useful to heat the baby bottle.
42Food warmer #2 - not as elaborate as the above but still just as adequate. Cost 10 cents in the 1901 T. Eaton Co. Ltd. catalogue. It could also be used to heat hair curling irons.
44Gas stove - a welcomed invention as now the heat could be regulated. No coal/wood/ashes to deal with. Especial welcomed during the summer months. "Fumeless, ashless, smokless, odourless - three burners at the cost of $28.00".
46Gas stove oven - was placed over the gas stove for baking and removed when stove top was needed. Cost was $5.40.
48Graniteware - assorted, was very economical and readily available. There were the blue and white type and the pearl grey of which there appears to be more items to suit the homemaker's needs. Price was comparable with each type. In this picture the white graniteware is seen and was a bit less expensive.
50Hair curling iron - used for touch up to freshen curls. The iron would rest on the top of the lamp chimney to heat. The cost was 15 cents.
52Ice box - if one could be so lucky to have one and available ice. The block of ice went into the insulated top compartment and the food below.
54Juicer - built to do the job efficiently.
56Kitchen gadgets - lemon squeezer, egg separator and a pastry cutter/trimmer.
58Kitchen gadgets #2 - similar as today although the cheese slicer was patented in 1913. The soup ladle cost 26 cents.
60Knives - a small assortment of available knives. The bottom one is a bread knife. Prices at 50 cents a set -It included cake and paring knives in the 1895 Montgomery Ward catalogue.
62Meat tenderizer - cost 35 cents - useful but the edge of a saucer could do as well.
64Meat grinder - was well used by homemaker for various meat dishes.
66Nutmeg graters - several models with a package of the nutmeg. Same models used at present.
68Potato mashers - four examples which includes the potato ricer. The centre masher cost 10 cents.
70Preserving jars - also called 'sealers' came in various sizes to suit the family's needs. Rubber rings were necessary to create a seal between the glass cover and the jar.
72Radio, battery type - not found in 1927 catalogue but one could write for information booklet, although one could purchase radio cabinets that held the batteries behind their doors. Generally batteries were placed in basement with wires running to site, or could just be placed near radio. The antenna was placed outside of kitchen wall.
74Radio, wind charger type - the plug was smaller than that of an electric radio.
76Ration books - the house wife had to contend with this for buying sugar during the WWII.
78Salt box - placed near the stove always ready for flavoring food.
80Sock dryer - two models used to dry socks if one was concerned with shrinkage.
82Steel - assortment of steels for sharpening knives.
84Stove black - this gave the stove a shiny well kept look. Wax paper on a warm stove could be almost as effective.
86Sugar nipper - a curiosity. It is an 18th and early 19th century kitchen tool that was used to chip small pieces of sugar from the sugar cone. In these times sugar was made by pressing raw sugar with molasses in a cone shape and dried. This sugar became hard and small pieces had to be chipped for sweetening the tea. The table nipper was made of silver and the sturdy kitchen one - seen here - existed in many models.
88Telephone - a handy communication item especially for the rural area. Hand cranked, signal went to central switch board and the telephone operator would connect you to the party you wanted to speak to. This is one of the first models.
90Teapot - always ready for visitors. The cost of the pot was $1.50 and had a matching coffee pot.
92Vegetable chopper - only one model of many, which cost 45 cents.
94Waffle iron - made of cast iron used on stove top over fire box. Cost 67 cents in the 1895 Montgomery Ward catalogue.
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