The Museum of Health Care at Kingston has various research papers and exhibits relating to herbal medicine, including the Parke-Davis collection of turn-of-20th century medicinal plant materials and a collection of antique patent medicines, some of which are plant-based.
The Niagara Apothecary has a vast assortment of herbal medications, drawers of century-old dried specimens (some in manufacturer's boxes), and native medicines. The apothecary also has a modest collection of reference books.
Royal Botanical Gardens displays a large collection of medicinal plants, grouped in beds focusing on particular body systems or ailments. Interpretive signage provides an overview of the plants in each bed, corresponding to plant labels, and during the summer months an interpreter is stationed in the garden on a regular basis. The RBG consists of 1100 hectares (2700 acres) of gardens, forest, wetlands, and Niagara Escarpment cliff located between the cities of Hamilton and Burlington.
Black Creek Pioneer Village has a 19th-century Doctor's House and associated gardens where various heritage medicinal plants are grown. The gift shop also sells a small booklet, Nature's Pharmacy, which describes a number of medicinal plants. The Village is a collection of houses and buildings typical of 19th-century Ontario.
The London Museum of Archaeology offers tours of its outdoor medicinal gardens, a permanent exhibit on medicinal plants used by the region’s historic Attawandaron/Neutral Nation, and an “edu-kit” for rent to teachers and groups.
The Hutchison House Museum has an herb garden with some medicinal plants. It also offers a school educational program about herbal folk remedies. Peterborough residents built the house in 1836 for Dr. John Hutchison and his family.
Ojibwe Cultural Foundation, Manitoulin Island Mailing address:
M’Chigeeng, ON P0P 1G0
The Ojibwe Cultural Foundation has no exhibits on medicinal plants, but its centre’s hosts offer visitors general information about how plants native to Manitoulin Island were used by the island’s Ojibwe inhabitants for medicinal purposes.
Oshawa Community Museum and Archives 1450 Simcoe Street South (Lakeview Park)
Oshawa, ON L1H 8S8
The Oshawa Community Museum and Archives has a Heritage Garden where a variety of different herbs typical of the pioneer and Victorian periods are grown. One of the houses that comprises the museum is the former home of Lurenda Henry, an early Oshawa pioneer who was also a traveling herbalist.
The Scugog Shores Historical Museum includes the Ojibway Heritage Interpretive Lands, a permanent exhibit that interprets the natural and cultural history of the Scugog watershed prior to European settlement. The exhibit includes a collection of trees and plants – including some used for medicinal purposes – that represent some of the species that flourished throughout the area prior to the construction (in 1834) of the Lindsay dam on the Scugog River.
Richters is a commercial herb-growing company that has an outdoor display garden including some 200 medicinal plants. Richters also hosts occasional seminars on how to grow and use medicinal plants, and the company’s website has a section where visitors can send their questions to medicinal plant experts.
The First Nations Garden at the Montréal Botanical Garden highlights the knowledge, cultivation and use of plant species by the eleven First Nations of Québec. These themes are presented in different parts of the Garden according to the types of forests in which the First Nations are based: the softwood forest, the hardwood forest, and the Nordic zone. In summer, native interpreters lead visitors through the garden.
Clef des Champs grows medicinal herbs in its organic gardens and transforms them into tinctures, glycerites, oils, and salves. An importer of organic teas (black and green tea) and culinary herbs and spices, over the years Clef has developed a unique expertise in the growing and transformation of medicinal herbs.
Located in the Appalachian hills of Quebec, L’Armoire aux Herbes has been growing herbs and blooms and selling herbal remedies and flower essences for more than 20 years. The farm practices traditional herbalism; everything there is done by hand. Its two hectares (five acres) of gardens are opened for guided visits in July and August. Many workshops are offered throughout the growing season on various aspects of traditional herbalism. Books and documents (in French) on humanity’s relationship with healing plants are also offered.
The James J. O’Mara Pharmacy Museum is a replica of a typical working Apothecary circa 1895, complete with oak fixtures (1879), and an extensive collection of show globes, shop bottles, pill makers, compounding and dispensing equipment, and supplies. Many of the shop, stock, and patent medicine bottles contain plant-based ingredients.
Medicinal herbs are grown throughout the different themed gardens that make up Kingsbrae Garden, and a medicinal herbal scavenger hunt is offered to all who care to participate. Kingsbrae is an award-winning 10.9-hectare (27-acre) public garden in St. Andrews, New Brunswick.
Staff both in the Colony of Avalon garden and in the site’s replica 17th-century kitchen interpret the traditional uses of medicinal plants grown at one of three Heritage Gardens. The Colony of Avalon was one of North America’s earliest European settlements, and archaeologists are now excavating and interpreting the site.
The Memorial University of Newfoundland Botanical Garden is located near a Field Centre and includes a variety of different types of gardens – from a rock garden to a Newfoundland heritage garden. Among these is a section of medicinal plants. There are five nature trails that meander through a 110-acre managed nature reserve.
Ross Drugs 402 Queen Street
Fredericton, NB E3B 1B6
Ross Drugs, a commercial pharmacy, has a display of medicines & pharmacy instruments from the 1800s (bottles, weight scales, etc.) and a catalogued 3,000-item collection of items that is not on public display. It also has an 1856 volume describing many plant-based home remedies.
The Museum at Campbell River Mailing address:
Box 70, Stn. A
Campbell River, BC V9W 4Z9
470 Island Highway (reached via 5th Avenue)
Campbell River, BC
Over 140 plant species were recognized and named by First Nations groups in the Campbell River area; these were harvested and used as food, medicine, or employed in traditional technology. At the West Coast Garden at the Museum at Campbell River, illustrated signage identifies the wild plants in three different aboriginal languages (as well as in English and Latin) and provides information about their harvesting, preparation, and use.
The Secwepemc Ethnobotanical Gardens, part of the Secwepemc Museum and Heritage Park, are divided into five zones, each representing a different ecosystem found within the Secwepemc Territory. Interpretive signs located in each garden describe the ecosystem in which the plants grow naturally. The Secwepemc Museum and Heritage Park portrays the cultural history of the Shuswap people.
Other Places To Go
U’mista Cultural Centre Mailing Address:
PO Box 253
Alert Bay, BC V0N 1A0
The U’mista Cultural Centre has a small garden and exhibit of native plants and some ethnobotanical information about their traditional medicinal uses. The Centre has also compiled and published a school manual of most-used plants and animals of the Kwakwaka’wakw Nation.
The 22-hectare (55-acre) VanDusen Botanical Garden, located in the heart of Vancouver, has a small collection of medicinal plants on the western side of its Canadian Heritage Garden. These are indigenous species used by the First Nations people of Canada for treating various ailments. Most of the plants in this collection are native to British Columbia. VanDusen also has a collection of Asian medicinal plants in its Sino-Himalyan garden. All plants are labelled with their Latin/common and cultural names, along with a brief description of how they are or were used.
University of Alberta Devonian Botanic Garden Mailing address:
University of Alberta
Edmonton, AB T6G 2E1
University of Alberta Devonian Botanic Garden has a .75-acre herb garden featuring large island beds surrounded by Pygmy caragana shrubs to protect the more delicate herbs, many of which are medicinal. Various new gardens, including a Chinese herb garden with some hardy medicinal species, are being further developed.
The Luxton Museum of the Plains Indian celebrates the history and culture of the bands of the Blackfoot Confederacy (Siksika, Peigan and Blood), the Cree, the Sioux (Stoney and Assiniboin) and the Tsuu T'ina, who are collectively known as the Plains Indians. The Museum includes a Medicine Wheel Garden containing cedar, sage, sweetgrass, and tobacco.
Ukrainian Cultural Heritage Village Mailing address:
8820 – 112 Street
Edmonton, AB T6G 2P8
The Village has several gardens in which medicinal plants are grown. Some plants are dried, displayed, and interpreted in the Village homes; some medicinal plant description and interpretation also takes places during the tours of the gardens.
Fort Selkirk Mailing address:
Tourism & Culture, Cultural Services Heritage Resources Unit
Box 2703, Whitehorse, YK Y1A 2C6
One of the buildings at Fort Selkirk has an interpretive panel describing, in words and line drawings, the use of local plants for medicinal purposes by the Northern Tutchone people and the Selkirk First Nation.