temperate, cold and windy in winter, with frequent snowfall and
fog; sunny in summer, with frequent showers and rainstorms.
catastrophes: earthquakes, most severe in the south and south-west,
1/3 of the country is mountainous (Carpathian mountains) 1/3 is
hilly, with orchard and vine-covered plateaux 1/3 is plains The
Black Sea is located to the south-east of the country.
41% Permanent farmland: 3% Permanent pasture land: 21% Forest:
29% Other: 6%
wheat, corn, sugar beet, sunflower seed, potatoes, grapes, milk,
petroleum (declining reserves), wood, natural gas, coal, iron,
The Carpathian Forests are the best preserved in Europe. They
are rich in beech trees, sycamores, maples, poplars and silver
birch. In these mountains there are 1,350 species of flora, including
the yellow poppy, the edelweiss, the Transylvanian columbine and
the saxifrage. The country boasts 11 nature parks and 500 natural
reserves. The Danube Delta has the largest protected reed bed