Ivan Vasiliyevich Kliun
Born in Bolshiye Gorki hamlet, Vladimir province in 1873. Died in Moscow in 1943. Kliun was born to a peasant family. He served as a bookkeeper, and at the same time studied drawing. During 1902–1907, he attended classes at F.I. Rerberg’s studio in Moscow where he met I.I. Mashkov and K.S. Malevich. This encounter became a major factor in the creative biography of Ivan Kliun. Malevich had a great influence on the further development of the artist, brought him into the circle of the founders of the Russian avant-garde, set him on the path of Cubo-Futurism, and later Suprematism. At the “0.10” exhibition in Petrograd in 1915, Kliun displayed his cubist and abstract sculpture for the first time, and in 1916 began to create Suprematist compositions. Kliun was a member of the “Supremus” Society in 1916–1917. After the Suprematist period, he experienced an enthusiasm for French Purism. The artist then turned to Realism, which was not only a concession to the times, but also his inner need. He found himself in complete isolation at the end of his life.
Manuscript department of State Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow
Works by this artist