The first special constables were First Nation men who helped police on both sides of the Yukon-Alaska border survive the harsh climate and communicate with the local populations.
As each force modernized, native transportation and translation services were less in demand. Many special constables then became full serving members of the RCMP in Canada or State Troopers in Alaska.
Programming evolved so that community members were being trained to police their own communities. In 1995, over 20 First Nations were serving with the Yukon RCMP. Community policing continues to be an RCMP priority and campaigns that encourage Northerners to apply to the Force are ongoing.
In the attached clips, Hank Moorlag and Jim Shook discuss the changing role of First Nations community policing in the North.