"The men were mostly clothed in cotton shirts with the lower half of the trousers generally of red cloth, a coat of blue cloth or of a blanket with the blue selvedge (sic) for a border to the skirts, and sometimes a waistcoat. They wore European hats or caps, or they were bareheaded. On their feet they had moccasins which generally had a scarlet legging attached to them. The women had leggings like the men, but wore also long blue cloth petticoats with selvedge borders. Not infrequently, there was a ribband (sic) sewn round over this. They also wore a jacket or strips of cotton, or, in the case of the chief’s daughter, a piece of crimson silk."
The Journals of Mary O’Brien p. 57
Sometimes individuals of both groups wore elements of the other’s styles, as is evident in these portraits of Sir John Caldwell wearing First Nations clothing and of Nicholas Vincent Iswanhonhi wearing clothing of European style. Compare these moccasins with geometric quilled design to the pair worn by Sir Caldwell.
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