Cane

Wood cane carved from a limb, handle carved in false face motif and bear head. Spoon mask painted in red, trimmed in black fur.

Musée de la Civilisation (Québec)

pigment; wood; fur
Width: 6cm, Length: 95.5cm
65-00442-000
© 1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec), All Rights Reserved.


TYPE OF OBJECT: chief

CULTURAL CONTEXT: ceremonial; ritual; Snipe clan

DESCRIPTION: wood cane carved from a limb, handle carved in false face motif and bear head. Spoon mask painted in red, trimmed in black fur.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Northeast; Woodland; Ohsweken

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Iroquoian

CULTURE: Iroquois; Cayuga

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Ontario

END OF PRODUCTION: 1900 C

MATERIAL: pigment; wood; fur

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; carved; painted

MOTIFS: mask; animal head
TYPE OF OBJECT: chief

CULTURAL CONTEXT: ceremonial; ritual; Snipe clan

DESCRIPTION: wood cane carved from a limb, handle carved in false face motif and bear head. Spoon mask painted in red, trimmed in black fur.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Northeast; Woodland; Ohsweken

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Iroquoian

CULTURE: Iroquois; Cayuga

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Ontario

END OF PRODUCTION: 1900 C

MATERIAL: pigment; wood; fur

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; carved; painted

MOTIFS: mask; animal head

© 1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec), All Rights Reserved.

Hat

Hat made of 7 leather panels, circular around head and flat on top.

Musée de la Civilisation (Québec)

cotton thread; cloth; silk; animal; caribou hide; muskrat fur
Height: 15cm, Width: 18cm, Length: 27.5cm
75-01115-000
© 1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec), All Rights Reserved.


CULTURAL CONTEXT: everyday use

DESCRIPTION: Hat made of 7 leather panels, circular around head and flat on top. Ear flaps with tie. Muskrat fur trim bands between lateral and front panels, at rear and on top. Symmetric embroidered patterns on two sides.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Northeast; Woodland; Lac-Rapide

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Algonquian

CULTURE: Algonquin

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Québec

END OF PRODUCTION: 1972

MATERIAL: cotton thread; cloth; silk; animal; caribou hide; muskrat fur

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; cut; sewn; embroidered

MOTIFS: plant; flower; leaf; stem; geometric; semicircle; lozenge
CULTURAL CONTEXT: everyday use

DESCRIPTION: Hat made of 7 leather panels, circular around head and flat on top. Ear flaps with tie. Muskrat fur trim bands between lateral and front panels, at rear and on top. Symmetric embroidered patterns on two sides.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Northeast; Woodland; Lac-Rapide

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Algonquian

CULTURE: Algonquin

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Québec

END OF PRODUCTION: 1972

MATERIAL: cotton thread; cloth; silk; animal; caribou hide; muskrat fur

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; cut; sewn; embroidered

MOTIFS: plant; flower; leaf; stem; geometric; semicircle; lozenge

© 1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec), All Rights Reserved.

Pattern, Umishiagan

Pieces of birchbark cut in the form of animals, used as patterns to trace on scratched birchbark.

Musée de la Civilisation (Québec)

wood; birchbark
75-01273-000
© 1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec). All Rights Reserved.


TYPE OF OBJECT: pattern

CULTURAL CONTEXT: artistic; traditional

DESCRIPTION: pieces of birchbark cut in the form of animals, used as patterns to trace on scratched birchbark.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Northeast; Woodland; Lac-Rapide

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Algonquian

CULTURE: Algonquin

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Québec

END OF PRODUCTION: 1973

MATERIAL: wood; birchbark

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; peeled; cut

MOTIFS: animal; moose; bear; beaver
TYPE OF OBJECT: pattern

CULTURAL CONTEXT: artistic; traditional

DESCRIPTION: pieces of birchbark cut in the form of animals, used as patterns to trace on scratched birchbark.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Northeast; Woodland; Lac-Rapide

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Algonquian

CULTURE: Algonquin

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Québec

END OF PRODUCTION: 1973

MATERIAL: wood; birchbark

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; peeled; cut

MOTIFS: animal; moose; bear; beaver

© 1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec), All Rights Reserved.

Bag; Amuk muahkamuk

Rectangular beaver fur bag, rounded at bottom. Opening lined with red-dyed leather, holding leather ties.

Musée de la Civilisation (Québec)

lass bead; leather; ratine; beaver fur; cloth; pigment; dye; cotton
Width: 12cm, Length: 24.5cm
75-01124-000
© 1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec). All Rights Reserved.


TYPE OF OBJECT: Woman’s

CULTURAL CONTEXT: celebration; trade

DESCRIPTION: Rectangular beaver fur bag, rounded at bottom. Opening lined with red-dyed leather, holding leather ties. Ratine lining sewn with cotton thread. Beadwork pendants around top.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Northeast; Woodland; Grand Lac Victoria

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Algonquian

CULTURE: Algonquin

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Québec

END OF PRODUCTION: 1975

MATERIAL: glass bead; leather; ratine; beaver fur; cloth; pigment; dye; cotton

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; cut; dyed; sewn; threaded
TYPE OF OBJECT: Woman’s

CULTURAL CONTEXT: celebration; trade

DESCRIPTION: Rectangular beaver fur bag, rounded at bottom. Opening lined with red-dyed leather, holding leather ties. Ratine lining sewn with cotton thread. Beadwork pendants around top.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Northeast; Woodland; Grand Lac Victoria

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Algonquian

CULTURE: Algonquin

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Québec

END OF PRODUCTION: 1975

MATERIAL: glass bead; leather; ratine; beaver fur; cloth; pigment; dye; cotton

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; cut; dyed; sewn; threaded

© 1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec). All Rights Reserved.

Bilboquet, Nabuan

Smoked moosehide lanyard to which is fastened an elongated, pointed wood rod.

Musée de la Civilisation (Québec)

wood; birchbark; animal; moosehide
Length: 78.8
75-01155-000
© 1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec). All Rights Reserved.


CULTURAL CONTEXT: toy; everyday use

DESCRIPTION: Smoked moosehide lanyard to which is fastened an elongated, pointed wood rod. Three large perforated pieces, one star and twenty rings, all in smoked moosehide, are inserted onto lanyard.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Northeast; Woodland; Lac-Rapide

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Algonquian

CULTURE: Algonquin

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Québec

END OF PRODUCTION: 1975

MATERIAL: wood; birchbark; animal; moosehide

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; hewn; cut; knotted; threaded

MOTIFS: geometric; star
CULTURAL CONTEXT: toy; everyday use

DESCRIPTION: Smoked moosehide lanyard to which is fastened an elongated, pointed wood rod. Three large perforated pieces, one star and twenty rings, all in smoked moosehide, are inserted onto lanyard.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Northeast; Woodland; Lac-Rapide

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Algonquian

CULTURE: Algonquin

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Québec

END OF PRODUCTION: 1975

MATERIAL: wood; birchbark; animal; moosehide

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; hewn; cut; knotted; threaded

MOTIFS: geometric; star

© 1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec). All Rights Reserved.

Crécelle; Shishiguan

Long piece of wood inserted into two moose hooves, fastened by rawhide band decorated with beading, edged with a rawhide fringe.

Musée de la Civilisation (Québec)

glass bead; moose hoof; moosehide; wood; animal
Width: 19cm, Length: 27cm
75-01157-000
© 1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec). All Rights Reserved.


CULTURAL CONTEXT: ceremonial; celebration; trade

DESCRIPTION: Long piece of wood inserted into two moose hooves, fastened by rawhide band decorated with beading, edged with a rawhide fringe. Perforation through which is run a rawhide thong at bottom of handle.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Northeast; Woodland; Lac-Rapide

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Algonquian

CULTURE: Algonquin

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Québec

END OF PRODUCTION: 1975 C

MATERIAL: glass bead; moose hoof; moosehide; wood; animal

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; hewn; cut; assembled; beaded

MOTIFS: geometric; zigzag
CULTURAL CONTEXT: ceremonial; celebration; trade

DESCRIPTION: Long piece of wood inserted into two moose hooves, fastened by rawhide band decorated with beading, edged with a rawhide fringe. Perforation through which is run a rawhide thong at bottom of handle.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Northeast; Woodland; Lac-Rapide

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Algonquian

CULTURE: Algonquin

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Québec

END OF PRODUCTION: 1975 C

MATERIAL: glass bead; moose hoof; moosehide; wood; animal

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; hewn; cut; assembled; beaded

MOTIFS: geometric; zigzag

© 1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec). All Rights Reserved.

Model

Model representing a man making a birchbark canoe, a woman making a birchbark basket and a figure carrying a baby.

Musée de la Civilisation (Québec)

wool; adhesive; polyester; wood; bark; leather; stone; cloth; glass; metal; iron; antler; cotton
Height: 26cm, Length: 53.9cm, Width: 33.2cm
84-01109-000
© 1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec). All Rights Reserved.


CULTURAL CONTEXT: Representation; trade

DESCRIPTION: Model representing a man making a birchbark canoe, a woman making a birchbark basket and a figure carrying a baby. Wooden base. Moss, lichen, pebbles, cedar needles on ground. Birchbark canoe with wooden frame. Figures dressed in felt, cotton, wool, polyester, woollens and velvet.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Northeast; Woodland

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Algonquian

CULTURE: Innu; Montagnais

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Québec

END OF PRODUCTION: 1983

MATERIAL: wool; adhesive; polyester; wood; bark; leather; stone; cloth; glass; metal; iron; antler; cotton

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; carved; cut; sewn; assembled; embroidered; glued
CULTURAL CONTEXT: Representation; trade

DESCRIPTION: Model representing a man making a birchbark canoe, a woman making a birchbark basket and a figure carrying a baby. Wooden base. Moss, lichen, pebbles, cedar needles on ground. Birchbark canoe with wooden frame. Figures dressed in felt, cotton, wool, polyester, woollens and velvet.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Northeast; Woodland

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Algonquian

CULTURE: Innu; Montagnais

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Québec

END OF PRODUCTION: 1983

MATERIAL: wool; adhesive; polyester; wood; bark; leather; stone; cloth; glass; metal; iron; antler; cotton

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; carved; cut; sewn; assembled; embroidered; glued

© 1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec). All Rights Reserved.

Learning Objectives

The learner will:
  • Identify some traditional and contemporary materials and manufacture methods utilized by Canadian Northeast Peoples
  • Identify some artistic objects made by Canadian Northeast Peoples using a combination of traditional and contemporary materials and their uses
  • Describe how contemporary materials have influenced the artistic objects made by Canadian Northeast Peoples

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