Hat; Bonnet; She tshi pi tu an ku ni skuen

Hat made of several panels of red and black wool. Seams adorned with green ribbon.

Musée de la Civilisation (Québec)

wool; cloth; silk; glass bead
Height: 19cm, Width: 28cm
92-00048-000
© 1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec), All Rights Reserved.


DESCRIPTION: Hat made of several panels of red and black wool. Seams adorned with green ribbon. Decorated with several rows of yellow, red, blue, pink, green and light blue beadwork at the base. Black wool pompoms on each side. Interior lined with aqua flowered fabric.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Subarctic

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Algonquian

CULTURE: Innu; Montagnais

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Québec

END OF PRODUCTION: 1960 C

MATERIAL: wool; cloth; silk; glass bead

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; cut; sewn; beaded

MOTIFS: plant; flower
DESCRIPTION: Hat made of several panels of red and black wool. Seams adorned with green ribbon. Decorated with several rows of yellow, red, blue, pink, green and light blue beadwork at the base. Black wool pompoms on each side. Interior lined with aqua flowered fabric.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Subarctic

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Algonquian

CULTURE: Innu; Montagnais

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Québec

END OF PRODUCTION: 1960 C

MATERIAL: wool; cloth; silk; glass bead

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; cut; sewn; beaded

MOTIFS: plant; flower

© 1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec), All Rights Reserved.

Scraper

Antler handle with sinew-fastened serrated antler blade.

Musée de la Civilisation (Québec)

antler; rawhide; sinew; pigment; ink
Height: 8cm, Length: 33cm, Width: 5cm
80-11576-000
© 1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec), All Rights Reserved.


TYPE OF OBJECT: Skin preparation

CULTURAL CONTEXT: everyday use

DESCRIPTION: Antler handle with sinew-fastened serrated antler blade. Rawhide lanyard through perforation in handle. Handle decorated with red lines and dots.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Subarctic; Schefferville

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Algonquian

CULTURE: Innu; Naskapi

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Québec

END OF PRODUCTION: 1979

MATERIAL: antler; rawhide; sinew; pigment; ink

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; carved; assembled; drawn

MOTIFS: geometric; line; dot
TYPE OF OBJECT: Skin preparation

CULTURAL CONTEXT: everyday use

DESCRIPTION: Antler handle with sinew-fastened serrated antler blade. Rawhide lanyard through perforation in handle. Handle decorated with red lines and dots.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Subarctic; Schefferville

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Algonquian

CULTURE: Innu; Naskapi

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Québec

END OF PRODUCTION: 1979

MATERIAL: antler; rawhide; sinew; pigment; ink

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; carved; assembled; drawn

MOTIFS: geometric; line; dot

© 1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec), All Rights Reserved.

Pouch

Round-bottomed skin pouch sewn with skin lace forming a carry strap.

Musée de la Civilisation (Québec)

animal; skin
Length: 8.2cm, Width 12cm
80-11614-001
© 1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec), All Rights Reserved.


TYPE OF OBJECT: Fish hook

DESCRIPTION: Round-bottomed skin pouch sewn with skin lace forming a carry strap.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Subarctic; Schefferville

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Algonquian

CULTURE: Innu; Naskapi

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Québec

END OF PRODUCTION: 1979

MATERIAL: animal; skin

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; cut; sewn
TYPE OF OBJECT: Fish hook

DESCRIPTION: Round-bottomed skin pouch sewn with skin lace forming a carry strap.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Subarctic; Schefferville

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Algonquian

CULTURE: Innu; Naskapi

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Québec

END OF PRODUCTION: 1979

MATERIAL: animal; skin

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; cut; sewn

© 1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec), All Rights Reserved.

Knife Holster

Nearly rectangular caribou hide sheath, rounded on one side to match knife shape.

Musée de la Civilisation (Québec)

caribou hide; glass bead; cotton thread; cloth
Width: 6.5cm, Length: 28cm
80-11564-00
© 1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec), All Rights Reserved.


TYPE OF OBJECT: Knife

CULTURAL CONTEXT: everyday use

DESCRIPTION: Nearly rectangular caribou hide sheath, rounded on one side to match knife shape. That side lined with fringe. Top is wider than bottom, which is slit to fit onto belt. Top decorated with glass beads.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Subarctic; Schefferville

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Algonquian

CULTURE: Innu; Naskapi

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Québec

END OF PRODUCTION: 1979

MATERIAL: caribou hide; glass bead; cotton thread; cloth

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; cut; sewn; beaded

MOTIFS: geometric; line; zigzag
TYPE OF OBJECT: Knife

CULTURAL CONTEXT: everyday use

DESCRIPTION: Nearly rectangular caribou hide sheath, rounded on one side to match knife shape. That side lined with fringe. Top is wider than bottom, which is slit to fit onto belt. Top decorated with glass beads.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Subarctic; Schefferville

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Algonquian

CULTURE: Innu; Naskapi

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Québec

END OF PRODUCTION: 1979

MATERIAL: caribou hide; glass bead; cotton thread; cloth

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; cut; sewn; beaded

MOTIFS: geometric; line; zigzag

© 1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec), All Rights Reserved.

Fish Hook

Slightly curved pieces of wood to which are fastened with sinew covered in rust-coloured lacquer a piece of antler forming obtuse angle with wooden portion.

Musée de la Civilisation (Québec)

wood; babiche; pigment
Length: 14cm
80-11614-003
© 1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec), All Rights Reserved.


DESCRIPTION: Slightly curved pieces of wood to which are fastened with sinew covered in rust-coloured lacquer a piece of antler forming obtuse angle with wooden portion. Fish hook has sinew lanyard.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Subarctic; Schefferville

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Algonquian

CULTURE: Innu; Naskapi

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Québec

END OF PRODUCTION: 1979

MATERIAL: wood; antler; animal; sinew; pigment; lacquer

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; carved; assembled; lacquered
DESCRIPTION: Slightly curved pieces of wood to which are fastened with sinew covered in rust-coloured lacquer a piece of antler forming obtuse angle with wooden portion. Fish hook has sinew lanyard.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Subarctic; Schefferville

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Algonquian

CULTURE: Innu; Naskapi

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Québec

END OF PRODUCTION: 1979

MATERIAL: wood; antler; animal; sinew; pigment; lacquer

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; carved; assembled; lacquered

© 1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec). All Rights Reserved.

Bow

Long piece of wood adorned with line patterns painted in green and rust.

Musée de la Civilisation (Québec)

wood; babiche; pigment
Height: 4cm, Width: 2.3cm, Length:108cm
80-11615-001
© 1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec), All Rights Reserved.


TYPE OF OBJECT: Recurved bow

CULTURAL CONTEXT: hunting; everyday

DESCRIPTION: Long piece of wood adorned with line patterns painted in green and rust. Tips painted red, fitted with babiche bowstring.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Subarctic; Schefferville

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Algonquian

CULTURE: Innu; Naskapi

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Québec

END OF PRODUCTION: 1979 C

MATERIAL: wood; babiche; pigment

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; hewn; carved; bent; assembled; painted

MOTIFS: geometric; line
TYPE OF OBJECT: Recurved bow

CULTURAL CONTEXT: hunting; everyday

DESCRIPTION: Long piece of wood adorned with line patterns painted in green and rust. Tips painted red, fitted with babiche bowstring.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Subarctic; Schefferville

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Algonquian

CULTURE: Innu; Naskapi

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Québec

END OF PRODUCTION: 1979 C

MATERIAL: wood; babiche; pigment

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; hewn; carved; bent; assembled; painted

MOTIFS: geometric; line

© 1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec), All Rights Reserved.

Quiver

Quiver consisting of three skin panels sewn with twine, fringed along bottom.

Musée de la Civilisation (Québec)

animal; caribou hide?; twine
Width: 6.3cm, Length: 43.2cm
80-11615-002
© 1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec), All Rights Reserved.


TYPE OF OBJECT: Arrow

CULTURAL CONTEXT: hunting; everyday use

DESCRIPTION: Quiver consisting of three skin panels sewn with twine, fringed along bottom. Hide lanyard closure, fastened to bottom of bag so as to form a shoulder strap.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Subarctic; Schefferville

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Algonquian

CULTURE: Innu; Naskapi

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Québec

END OF PRODUCTION: 1979 C


MATERIAL: animal; caribou hide?; twine

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; cut; sewn
TYPE OF OBJECT: Arrow

CULTURAL CONTEXT: hunting; everyday use

DESCRIPTION: Quiver consisting of three skin panels sewn with twine, fringed along bottom. Hide lanyard closure, fastened to bottom of bag so as to form a shoulder strap.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Subarctic; Schefferville

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Algonquian

CULTURE: Innu; Naskapi

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Québec

END OF PRODUCTION: 1979 C


MATERIAL: animal; caribou hide?; twine

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; cut; sewn

© 1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec). All Rights Reserved.

Learning Objectives

The learner will:
  • Identify some traditional and contemporary materials and manufacture methods utilized by Canadian Subarctic peoples
  • Identify some artistic objects made by Canadian Subarctic peoples using a combination of traditional and contemporary materials and their uses
  • Describe how contemporary materials have influenced the artistic objects made by Canadian Subarctic peoples

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