Baby Carrier

Wooden baby carrier consisting of a trapeze-shaped platform with indentations in upper portion, a rectangular nailed footrest, and a protective ring held in place by four babiche thongs.

Musée de la Civilisation (Québec)

wood; cloth; wool; cotton; babiche; leather; metal
92-00183-000
© 1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec), All Rights Reserved.


CULTURAL CONTEXT: Everyday use

DESCRIPTION: Wooden baby carrier consisting of a trapeze-shaped platform with indentations in upper portion, a rectangular nailed footrest, and a protective ring held in place by four babiche thongs. Carved and engraved supports. Decorative patterns drawn and burned on outside of main frame. Bunting bag consisting of sewn crosshatched fabric panels laced in front with cotton ribbon. Decorated with wool tassels.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Subarctic

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Algonquian

CULTURE: Atikamek

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Québec

END OF PRODUCTION: 1948

MATERIAL: wood; cloth; wool; cotton; babiche; leather; metal

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; cut; carved; drawn; engraved; assembled; nailed; sewn

MOTIFS: animal; moose; bear; bird; deer; geometric; star; sawtooth; plant; leaf; stem; square
CULTURAL CONTEXT: Everyday use

DESCRIPTION: Wooden baby carrier consisting of a trapeze-shaped platform with indentations in upper portion, a rectangular nailed footrest, and a protective ring held in place by four babiche thongs. Carved and engraved supports. Decorative patterns drawn and burned on outside of main frame. Bunting bag consisting of sewn crosshatched fabric panels laced in front with cotton ribbon. Decorated with wool tassels.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Subarctic

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Algonquian

CULTURE: Atikamek

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Québec

END OF PRODUCTION: 1948

MATERIAL: wood; cloth; wool; cotton; babiche; leather; metal

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; cut; carved; drawn; engraved; assembled; nailed; sewn

MOTIFS: animal; moose; bear; bird; deer; geometric; star; sawtooth; plant; leaf; stem; square

© 1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec), All Rights Reserved.

Amulet

Two parts of polished beaver jaw. Floral patterns drawn and painted on wider surface.

Musée de la Civilisation (Québec)

beaver bone; beaver tooth; pigment; paint
Height: 2cm, Width: 4.5cm, Length: 9cm
73-00599-000
© 1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec). All Rights Reserved.


CULTURAL CONTEXT: hunting; spiritual

DESCRIPTION: Two parts of polished beaver jaw. Floral patterns drawn and painted on wider surface.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Subarctic; Manouane

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Algonquian

CULTURE: Atikamek

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Québec

END OF PRODUCTION: 1973

MATERIAL: beaver bone; beaver tooth; pigment; paint

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; polished drawn; painted

MOTIFS: plant; flower; leaf; stem
CULTURAL CONTEXT: hunting; spiritual

DESCRIPTION: Two parts of polished beaver jaw. Floral patterns drawn and painted on wider surface.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Subarctic; Manouane

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Algonquian

CULTURE: Atikamek

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Québec

END OF PRODUCTION: 1973

MATERIAL: beaver bone; beaver tooth; pigment; paint

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; polished drawn; painted

MOTIFS: plant; flower; leaf; stem

© 1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec), All Rights Reserved.

Call

Conical piece of birchbark rolled up and sewn with spruce roots. Bark doubled to reinforce on bottom. Linear pattern at top, images of trees and animals on main body.

Musée de la Civilisation (Québec)
c. 1973
birchbark; spruce root
Length: 55cm
73-00573-000
© 1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec). All Rights Reserved.


CULTURAL CONTEXT: hunting; trade; traditional

DESCRIPTION: Conical piece of birchbark rolled up and sewn with spruce roots. Bark doubled to reinforce on bottom. Linear pattern at top, images of trees and animals on main body.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Subarctic; Manouane

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Algonquian

CULTURE: Atikamek

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Québec

END OF PRODUCTION: 1973

MATERIAL: birchbark; spruce root

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; peeled; cut; sewn; incised; scraped

MOTIFS: animal; grouse; bear; beaver; birch; geometric; parallel line; plant; flower
CULTURAL CONTEXT: hunting; trade; traditional

DESCRIPTION: Conical piece of birchbark rolled up and sewn with spruce roots. Bark doubled to reinforce on bottom. Linear pattern at top, images of trees and animals on main body.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Subarctic; Manouane

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Algonquian

CULTURE: Atikamek

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Québec

END OF PRODUCTION: 1973

MATERIAL: birchbark; spruce root

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; peeled; cut; sewn; incised; scraped

MOTIFS: animal; grouse; bear; beaver; birch; geometric; parallel line; plant; flower

© 1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec), All Rights Reserved.

Canoe

War canoe model.

Manowan 1973, César Newashish
Musée de la Civilisation (Québec)

birchbark; cedar; spruce root; balsam root
Width: 40cm, Length: 112cm
73-00634-001
© 1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec). All Rights Reserved.


CULTURAL CONTEXT: trade; artistic

DESCRIPTION: War canoe model. Bow and stern elevated. Five bars athwartship on top. Edged with birchbark. Wooden hull. Spruce and balsam root extremities and seams. Decorative motifs on surface. Signed "Manowan 1973, César Newashish"

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Subarctic; Manouane

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Algonquian

CULTURE: Atikamek

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Québec

DATE: 1973

MATERIAL: birchbark; cedar; spruce root; balsam root

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; peeled; folded; cut; assembled; sewn; incised; scraped

MOTIFS: geometric; curved line; circle; religious; cross; parallel band; plant; fir
CULTURAL CONTEXT: trade; artistic

DESCRIPTION: War canoe model. Bow and stern elevated. Five bars athwartship on top. Edged with birchbark. Wooden hull. Spruce and balsam root extremities and seams. Decorative motifs on surface. Signed "Manowan 1973, César Newashish"

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Subarctic; Manouane

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Algonquian

CULTURE: Atikamek

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Québec

DATE: 1973

MATERIAL: birchbark; cedar; spruce root; balsam root

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; peeled; folded; cut; assembled; sewn; incised; scraped

MOTIFS: geometric; curved line; circle; religious; cross; parallel band; plant; fir

© 1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec). All Rights Reserved.

Necklace

Necklace of orange and blue glass beads with a clawed grouse foot held my moosehide, decorated with green, gold, white blue and purple beads as well as sequins.

Musée de la Civilisation (Québec)

animal; moose hide; grouse leg; grouse claw; cloth; cotton; sequin; glass bead
Length: 43cm
74-00495-000
© 1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec). All Rights Reserved.


CULTURAL CONTEXT: spiritual

DESCRIPTION: Necklace of orange and blue glass beads with a clawed grouse foot held my moosehide, decorated with green, gold, white blue and purple beads as well as sequins.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Subarctic; Manouane

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Algonquian

CULTURE: Atikamek

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Québec

END OF PRODUCTION: 1974

MATERIAL: animal; moose hide; grouse leg; grouse claw; cloth; cotton; sequin; glass bead

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; threaded; assembled; beaded
CULTURAL CONTEXT: spiritual

DESCRIPTION: Necklace of orange and blue glass beads with a clawed grouse foot held my moosehide, decorated with green, gold, white blue and purple beads as well as sequins.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Subarctic; Manouane

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Algonquian

CULTURE: Atikamek

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Québec

END OF PRODUCTION: 1974

MATERIAL: animal; moose hide; grouse leg; grouse claw; cloth; cotton; sequin; glass bead

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; threaded; assembled; beaded

© 1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec). All Rights Reserved.

Knife

Knife with curved blade inserted into curved wooden handle, held by two nails driven through handle.

Musée de la Civilisation (Québec)

Wood; metal
Width: 2cm, Length: 23cm
74-00460-000
© 1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec). All Rights Reserved.


TYPE OF OBJECT: Curved knife

CULTURAL CONTEXT: everyday use; traditional

DESCRIPTION: Knife with curved blade inserted into curved wooden handle, held by two nails driven through handle.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Subarctic; Manouane

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Algonquian

CULTURE: Atikamek

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Québec

END OF PRODUCTION: 1974

MATERIAL: wood; metal

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; carved; assembled; nailed
TYPE OF OBJECT: Curved knife

CULTURAL CONTEXT: everyday use; traditional

DESCRIPTION: Knife with curved blade inserted into curved wooden handle, held by two nails driven through handle.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Subarctic; Manouane

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Algonquian

CULTURE: Atikamek

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Québec

END OF PRODUCTION: 1974

MATERIAL: wood; metal

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; carved; assembled; nailed

© 1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec). All Rights Reserved.

Knife

Curved piece of wood, slit over 4 inches of length. File inserted in slit, entire piece fastened with nails and rawhide strips. File is curved at tip.

Musée de la Civilisation (Québec)

wood; metal; rawhide
Length: 24cm
74-00528-000
© 1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec). All Rights Reserved.


TYPE OF OBJECT: Curved file

CULTURAL CONTEXT: everyday use; traditional

DESCRIPTION: Curved piece of wood, slit over 4 inches of length. File inserted in slit, entire piece fastened with nails and rawhide strips. File is curved at tip.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Subarctic; Sanmaur

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Algonquian

CULTURE: Atikamek; Weymont

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Québec

END OF PRODUCTION: 1974

MATERIAL: wood; metal; rawhide

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; carved; assembled; nailed
TYPE OF OBJECT: Curved file

CULTURAL CONTEXT: everyday use; traditional

DESCRIPTION: Curved piece of wood, slit over 4 inches of length. File inserted in slit, entire piece fastened with nails and rawhide strips. File is curved at tip.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Subarctic; Sanmaur

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Algonquian

CULTURE: Atikamek; Weymont

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Québec

END OF PRODUCTION: 1974

MATERIAL: wood; metal; rawhide

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; carved; assembled; nailed

© 1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec). All Rights Reserved.

Arrow

Long flat-ended handle with centre slit. Club end in flattened cone shape.

Musée de la Civilisation (Québec)

wood; birch
Length: 71cm
74-00545-000
© 1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec). All Rights Reserved.


TYPE OF OBJECT: Club

CULTURAL CONTEXT: hunting

DESCRIPTION: Long flat-ended handle with centre slit. Club end in flattened cone shape.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Subarctic; Sanmaur

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Algonquian

CULTURE: Atikamek; Weymont

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Québec

END OF PRODUCTION: 1974

MATERIAL: wood; birch

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; carved
TYPE OF OBJECT: Club

CULTURAL CONTEXT: hunting

DESCRIPTION: Long flat-ended handle with centre slit. Club end in flattened cone shape.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Subarctic; Sanmaur

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Algonquian

CULTURE: Atikamek; Weymont

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Québec

END OF PRODUCTION: 1974

MATERIAL: wood; birch

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; carved

© 1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec). All Rights Reserved.

Cup

Drinking mug scraped out of a single block of birch root.

Musée de la Civilisation (Québec)

wood; birch root; animal; moosehide
Height: 4cm, Length: 17cm
74-00501-000
© 1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec). All Rights Reserved.


TYPE OF OBJECT: Voyageur

CULTURAL CONTEXT: everyday use; traditional

DESCRIPTION: Drinking mug scraped out of a single block of birch root. Woodburning patterns. Moosehide strap tied to handle. Strap has birch branch at end.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Subarctic; Manouane

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Algonquian

CULTURE: Atikamek

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Québec

END OF PRODUCTION: 1974

MATERIAL: wood; birch root; animal; moosehide

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; carved; assembled;
woodburning

MOTIFS: animal; fish; plant; leaf
TYPE OF OBJECT: Voyageur

CULTURAL CONTEXT: everyday use; traditional

DESCRIPTION: Drinking mug scraped out of a single block of birch root. Woodburning patterns. Moosehide strap tied to handle. Strap has birch branch at end.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Subarctic; Manouane

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Algonquian

CULTURE: Atikamek

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Québec

END OF PRODUCTION: 1974

MATERIAL: wood; birch root; animal; moosehide

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; carved; assembled;
woodburning

MOTIFS: animal; fish; plant; leaf

© 1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec). All Rights Reserved.

Mittens

Moosehide mittens tied together with skin strap.

Musée de la Civilisation (Québec)

animal; moose hide; cloth; cotton
Length: 11.5cm, Width: 18cm
74-00565-000
© 1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec). All Rights Reserved.


TYPE OF OBJECT: Child’s

CULTURAL CONTEXT: traditional; everyday use

DESCRIPTION: Moosehide mittens tied together with skin strap. Wide cuffs decorated with embroidery and edged with two fabric bands in blue and mauve at tip, at seam around hand shape and at cuff. Outside of cuff is fringed.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Subarctic; Sanmaur

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Algonquian

CULTURE: Atikamek; Weymont

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Québec

END OF PRODUCTION: 1990 C

MATERIAL: animal; moose hide; cloth; cotton

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; cut; sewn; embroidered

MOTIFS: plant; flower; leaf; stem
TYPE OF OBJECT: Child’s

CULTURAL CONTEXT: traditional; everyday use

DESCRIPTION: Moosehide mittens tied together with skin strap. Wide cuffs decorated with embroidery and edged with two fabric bands in blue and mauve at tip, at seam around hand shape and at cuff. Outside of cuff is fringed.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Subarctic; Sanmaur

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Algonquian

CULTURE: Atikamek; Weymont

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Québec

END OF PRODUCTION: 1990 C

MATERIAL: animal; moose hide; cloth; cotton

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; cut; sewn; embroidered

MOTIFS: plant; flower; leaf; stem

© 1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec). All Rights Reserved.

Learning Objectives

The learner will:
  • Identify some traditional and contemporary materials and manufacture methods utilized by Canadian Subarctic Peoples
  • Identify some artistic objects made by Canadian Subarctic Peoples using a combination of traditional and contemporary materials and their uses
  • Describe how contemporary materials have influenced the artistic objects made by Canadian Subarctic Peoples

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