Snowshoes

This snowshoe style is worn by both men and women.

Royal Ontario Museum

Wood; Babiche
length: 41.cm, width: 20.5cm, height: 9.5cm
956.160.5.A-B
©1996 - the Royal Ontario Museum (Toronto). All Rights Reserved.


CULTURAL CONTEXT : Transportation; Snowshoes are worn to prevent sinking into deep snow.

DESCRIPTION : This pair of snowshoes is very large with almost circular bodies. They have flat frames with three sections of hexagonal webbing. A pattern of three diamond shapes is woven into the webbing in the toe and tail sections. The webbing in the toe and tail sections are fastened to the frames using the selvage thong method. The webbing in the foot section is attached to the frames using the wrapping method. This snowshoe style is worn by both men and women. Gift of Mr. H.A. Moate.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA : Eastern Subarctic

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP : Algonquian

CULTURE : Montagnais; Innu

NATURAL REGION : St. Lawrence River

PROVINCE : Quebec

PERIOD : early 20th Century

MATERIAL : Wood; Babiche

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE : Carved; Woven

DECORATIVE TECHNIQUE : Enlarged mesh
CULTURAL CONTEXT : Transportation; Snowshoes are worn to prevent sinking into deep snow.

DESCRIPTION : This pair of snowshoes is very large with almost circular bodies. They have flat frames with three sections of hexagonal webbing. A pattern of three diamond shapes is woven into the webbing in the toe and tail sections. The webbing in the toe and tail sections are fastened to the frames using the selvage thong method. The webbing in the foot section is attached to the frames using the wrapping method. This snowshoe style is worn by both men and women. Gift of Mr. H.A. Moate.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA : Eastern Subarctic

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP : Algonquian

CULTURE : Montagnais; Innu

NATURAL REGION : St. Lawrence River

PROVINCE : Quebec

PERIOD : early 20th Century

MATERIAL : Wood; Babiche

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE : Carved; Woven

DECORATIVE TECHNIQUE : Enlarged mesh

©1996 - the Royal Ontario Museum (Toronto). All Rights Reserved.

Scraper

A scraping tool made from a caribou tibia. The scraper is held in both hands and the sharp edge is pulled along the surface of the skin.

Royal Ontario Museum
XXth Century
Bone; Caribou tibia
Length : 34.5cm, Width: 4.5cm, Depth : 4.4cm
959.50.168
©1996 - the Royal Ontario Museum (Toronto). All Rights Reserved.


CULTURAL CONTEXT : Skin preparation; a scraper used to remove hair and tissue from skins.

DESCRIPTION : A scraping tool made from a caribou tibia. The scraper is held in both hands and the sharp edge is pulled along the surface of the skin.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA : Eastern Subarctic

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP : Algonquian

CULTURE : Northern Ojibway

NATURAL REGION : Weagamow Lake

PROVINCE : Ontario

PERIOD : mid 20th Century

MATERIAL : Bone; Caribou tibia

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE : Carved
CULTURAL CONTEXT : Skin preparation; a scraper used to remove hair and tissue from skins.

DESCRIPTION : A scraping tool made from a caribou tibia. The scraper is held in both hands and the sharp edge is pulled along the surface of the skin.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA : Eastern Subarctic

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP : Algonquian

CULTURE : Northern Ojibway

NATURAL REGION : Weagamow Lake

PROVINCE : Ontario

PERIOD : mid 20th Century

MATERIAL : Bone; Caribou tibia

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE : Carved

©1996 - the Royal Ontario Museum (Toronto). All Rights Reserved.

Container

The container is made from dried caribou stomach.

Royal Ontario Museum

Caribou stomach; Wood; skin; thread
Length: 18.5cm, Width: 14.0cm, Height: 15.5cm
958.131.662
©1996 - the Royal Ontario Museum (Toronto). All Rights Reserved.


CULTURAL CONTEXT : Food preparation; food was boiled in caribou stomach containers through the use of heated rocks.

DESCRIPTION : The container is made from dried caribou stomach. The mouth of the container is stitched to, and held open by a circular wood hoop. The liquid held in the stomach container was cooked or boiled by the addition of heated rocks.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA : Subarctic

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP : Algonquian

CULTURE : Montagnais-Naskapi; Innu

NATURAL REGION : Quebec-Labrador Peninsula

PROVINCE : Quebec

PERIOD : early 20th Century

MATERIAL : Caribou stomach; Wood; skin; thread

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE : Dried; Sewn
CULTURAL CONTEXT : Food preparation; food was boiled in caribou stomach containers through the use of heated rocks.

DESCRIPTION : The container is made from dried caribou stomach. The mouth of the container is stitched to, and held open by a circular wood hoop. The liquid held in the stomach container was cooked or boiled by the addition of heated rocks.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA : Subarctic

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP : Algonquian

CULTURE : Montagnais-Naskapi; Innu

NATURAL REGION : Quebec-Labrador Peninsula

PROVINCE : Quebec

PERIOD : early 20th Century

MATERIAL : Caribou stomach; Wood; skin; thread

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE : Dried; Sewn

©1996 - the Royal Ontario Museum (Toronto). All Rights Reserved.

Learning Objectives

The learner will:
  • Identify some traditional materials and manufacture methods utilized by Canadian Subarctic peoples
  • Identify some objects made by Canadian Subarctic peoples and their uses

Teachers' Centre Home Page | Find Learning Resources & Lesson Plans