Hummingbirds are found only in the New World. They can be found from Alaska to Terra del Fuego at the southern end of the Americas. By far the majority of species nest between latitudes 10º N and 25º S. People living at the equator can observe over 160 species, more than in any other location.
Hummingbirds are found only in the New World. They can be found from Alaska to Terra del Fuego at the southern end of the Americas. By far the majority of species nest between latitudes 10º N and 25º S. People living at the equator can observe over 160 species, more than in any other location.

© Musée de la nature et des sciences de Sherbrooke 2007. All rights reserved.

Geographical distribution

Geographical distribution

Musée de la nature et des sciences de Sherbrooke

© Musée de la nature et des sciences de Sherbrooke 2007. All rights reserved.


Hummingbirds are adapted to various types of habitats, from sea level to altitudes up to 4500 metres above sea level, but they must have access to flowers. The majority of species live in the mountains. In equatorial regions, different species live at different elevations in the forest.
Hummingbirds are adapted to various types of habitats, from sea level to altitudes up to 4500 metres above sea level, but they must have access to flowers. The majority of species live in the mountains. In equatorial regions, different species live at different elevations in the forest.

© Musée de la nature et des sciences de Sherbrooke 2007. All rights reserved.

Forest vault, Trinidad

Forest vault, Trinidad

Credit: Jean Léveillé

© Jean Léveillé


In North America, 21 hummingbird species can be observed, but only 16 species reproduce here. The Rufous Hummingbird is the species that travels the farthest to the North, being found as far north as the southern coast of Alaska.
In North America, 21 hummingbird species can be observed, but only 16 species reproduce here. The Rufous Hummingbird is the species that travels the farthest to the North, being found as far north as the southern coast of Alaska.

© Musée de la nature et des sciences de Sherbrooke 2007. All rights reserved.

Rufous Hummingbird

Rufous Hummingbird (Selasphorus rufus)

Credit: Jean Léveillé

© Jean Léveillé


Two hummingbird species are regularly seen in Canada, the Rufous Hummingbird in the West and the Ruby-throated Hummingbird from the Prairies to the Maritimes. The latter is the most common in North America. Anna's Hummingbird is sometimes observed on the southern coast of British Columbia. The Black-chinned Hummingbird and the Calliope Hummingbird nest in rare locations in the mountains in Western Canada.
Two hummingbird species are regularly seen in Canada, the Rufous Hummingbird in the West and the Ruby-throated Hummingbird from the Prairies to the Maritimes. The latter is the most common in North America. Anna's Hummingbird is sometimes observed on the southern coast of British Columbia. The Black-chinned Hummingbird and the Calliope Hummingbird nest in rare locations in the mountains in Western Canada.

© Musée de la nature et des sciences de Sherbrooke 2007. All rights reserved.

Ruby-throated Hummingbird

Ruby-throated Hummingbird (Archilochus colubris)

Credit: Jean Léveillé

© Jean Léveillé


Learning Objectives

The learner will:
  • show on a map a few countries where we can find hummingbirds;
  • identify where in Canada we can find hummingbirds.

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